In simple terms, mulch is a layer farmers apply on the surface of their farm to boost their farming activities. The points below highlights the importance of using mulch in your farm
Obviously, many farmers opt for mulch to conserve the soil moisture and allow normal growth of plant despite the harsh weather condition. Soil moisture is trapped and returned back into the soil in water form by mulch through soil temperature regulation. Organic mulch is very important to agriculture sector because, despite the climate, a farmer is able to carry on his/her farming activities. Temperature of the soil moist is reduced to the point of converting to water before it escapes into the atmosphere.
The second importance of mulch is that it protects the top fertile soil from being eroded by rainwater. The top fertile soil is usually loose and vulnerable to all types of soil erosion. In case topsoil which is rich in mineral and fertility is carried away, the land becomes unproductive to a farmer. It is not possible for any farming in a barren farm because it lacks the necessary ingredients to sustain plants. Strong winds are also effective soil erosion agent. It is more difficult to dig a land that has been eroded and hard pan left behind.
The use of mulching on a farm improves the fertility. Manure is the end product of a decomposed mulch which is the main fertility booster of a farm. When mulch decomposes and turns into manure, your farm’s fertility is improved for free unlike purchasing expensive inorganic fertilizers. The acidity of the soil can naturally be regulated by the use of mulch which decomposes and alters the soil PH depending on the composition of the plant used as mulch.
The fourth advantage of using mulch is that is used to naturally control the weeds in the farm. The germination of weed seeds is prevented by mulch. Germination of a seed is facilitated by air, water, warmth, and minerals. Due to lack of sufficient air, the seeds of weeds are unable to germinate.
Fifthly, mulch is very cheap and affordable to almost all farmers. Mulch does not require specialized skills to prepare. Mulch that is sold by various industries are cheap.
Sixth, you can use mulch a way of decorating your farm or land. Decoration by mulch is usually done using river stone. Properties of river stones like color make them ideal decorative mulch.
Organic mulch are environmentally friendly. Manure from mulch enhance soil aeration and water conservancy.